Human migration has existed ever since the beginning of humanity. For thousands of years, humans have moved around in the pursuit of something fundamental to their existence. For some it was the search for food or commodity while for others it was an endeavor to find peace and safety.
Migration was an opportunity for some to explore the world and to learn about its different inhabitants. It was also a way to experience human cultures and ways of life. Human curiosity has taken us to the moon and the outer space. Humans have had the urge to exist peacefully and to discover truth in unknown territories since the beginning of time which makes human migration a very old phenomenon.
Migration in the modern period
International migration is increasing both in its scope, complexity and impact around the world. It has become one of the most important focus subjects for citizens, governments, political parties and organizations. For many decades, when war and conflict affected humans and displaced them from their homes, large movements of humans were observed in different regions around the world. Yet conflicts have not been the main reason behind movement of humans. Humans move because they want and need to for many reasons.
Globalization and the opening of trade made it possible for humans to travel long distances for work, study, asylum or leisure. Movement of humans, irrespective of the purpose is increasingly becoming an important issue for discussions around the world. According to figures, currently there are about 244 million migrants around the world. They are humans like you and me residing, taking refuge, working, studying and contributing to different societies and the global economy in different ways and capacities.
If there was a country comprising of all the migrants around the world, it would be the fourth biggest country in the world. Yet, the world would have not been the same as migrants bring skills and innovation to the countries they reside in or travel to. None of the technologies we are using now would have existed if these 244 million humans were not scattered around the world and only lived as the fourth biggest country in isolation. Through globalization and the opening of the markets, most countries have benefited immensely from migration and the transfer of knowledge and expertise that come with it.
We are at a juncture in history where migration is affecting all of us in one way or the other. Prevention of conflicts, maintenance of peace, good governance, rule of law, eradication of discrimination and poverty, education and jobs are all issues that affect not just one country but the globe. There has been no better time in history to benefit from the most effective ways of addressing those issues through the encouragement of international migration across the globe.
The global economy has become inter-connected and developments, whether positive or negative in one country affect all other. It is our duty to keep up with the good progress we have made to have an inter-connected and interdependent world in which everybody has equal opportunities. A world in which racism, discrimination, poverty and wars are history of the past. We have the ability to overcome global challenges and to safeguard the fundamental rights and freedoms of all humans around the world. International migration provides us with those opportunities in a just and equatable world.
Human Nations at work
Human Nations was established with the aim to protect and promote rights of migrants around the globe. Our mandate stems from the fact that states have recognized fundamental rights including freedom of movement, rights to education, asylum and development in various international treaties, covenants and charters; including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1951 Refugee Convention, the 1990 Migrant Convention, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
They have promised to promote a world where discrimination based on race, sex, gender, religion or political ideology is not tolerated. Human Nations aims to remind states about those international obligations related to migrants. We aim to to work closely with partner organizations, national authorities and influential individuals to uphold rights of migrants in a humane, dignified and orderly manner. In the meantime, we wish to provide migrants tangible or intangible support by advocating for their rights and by bringing their voices to the international stage through diverse activities.